Open Geospatial Consortium is a consortium of companies, universities and governments that have specified and agreed on a number of dataprotocols and formats in the spatial domain.
A cat-interop initiative sat together at Foss4g nottingham (2013) and Foss4g Portland (2014) to discuss better interopability in the spatial data sharing domain. This lead to a first initiative to set up a list of protocols and formats to be used in dataset metadata. The full list can be found here.
On these pages a summary on each of the spatial protocols & formats with links to the relevant documentation.
- Catalog Service for the Web
- Sensor Things
- Open Location Services
- Sensor Observation Services
- Web Coverage Service
- Web Feature Service
- Web Map Service
- Web Map Tile Service (also mentioned; TMS, WMS-c, vector-tiles)
- Augmented Reality Markup Language
- Geography Markup Language (also mentioned; geojson, topojson, geobuf)
- Keyhole Markup Language
- Observations and Measurements
- Well Known Text
OGC sponsors the development of validation tooling, CITE Team Engine, with which developers can make sure there software aligns with the standard. If the tests run fine, you can claim OGC compliance for your product.